Hawaii

State Facts

Statehood: August 21, 1959

Rank: 50th

Nickname: The Aloha State


Bird - NeNe

Flag - Google Image Search     Save a picture of the state flag in your home directory

Flower -Hibiscus

Song - "Hawaii Ponoi" click here to view lyrics

Tree -Kukui

Motto ( a phrase to describe the purpose or goals of s group) -The life of the land is                                                                   perpetuated in righteousness

Geography

Hawaii is the only state that is not part of the North American continent. It is also the southernmost of the states, lying about as far south as central Mexico.

Hawaii is actually a chain of 132 islands, each of which is the top of a submerged volcanic mountain, that can be divided into three land groups.

Group 1 consists of the eight main islands, the islands we usually think of when we think of Hawai'. All of the main islands, with the exception of Kahoolawe, are inhabited.

The remaining 124 islands in groups 2 and 3, only about three square miles in total land area, are not fit for human habitation.

Group 2 consists of the middle islands, tiny islands (islets) of rock.

Group 3 consists of the islands in the northwest, comprised of coral and sand.

Hawaii: Hawaii is the largest of the habitable Hawaiian islands and covers 4,038 square miles. This island was formed by five volcanoes, two of which are still active. Kohala is on the northern side of the island. Hualalai is in the west. Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa are toward the center of the island. Kilauea is located on the eastern side of Mauna Loa. Mauna Kea, at 13,796 feet above sea level, is the highest point in the state. Mauna Loa and Kilauea are still active volcanoes and erupt intermittently, sometimes spewing fiery lava streams flowing down the mountains to the sea.

The north and southeastern coast of Hawaii is protected by high cliffs with silvery waterfalls falling over the edge and into the ocean below.

Maui: Maui was formed by two volcanoes and is often called the Valley Island because of the many canyons that cut into the two mountains. A low isthmus passes between the two mountains creating a fertile area for growing sugar cane. Haleakala, the highest point on Maui, also contains the world's largest dormant volcanic crater, at least for now. Haleakala is considered active and is expected to erupt sometime within the next 200 years.

Kaho`olawe: Kaho`olawe is a small, uninhabited island next to Maui. It is dry and windswept.

Moloka`i: The island of Moloka`i can be roughly divided into three regions according to its physical features. The eastern region is covered with rugged mountains and canyons. The west is a dry plateau. The central area is a fertile plain suitable for growing various crops.

Lana`i: Is Pineapple growing country, with 98% of the land owned by the makers of Dole pineapple products.

O`ahu: O`ahu consists of two mountain ranges; the Koolau Range in the east and the Waianae Range in the west. The valley between these two mountain ranges consists of a fertile, rolling plain and support many sugar and pineapple plantations. A most notable landmark, is the 760-foot extinct volcanic crater, known as Diamond Head, located on the southeastern end of the island at the end of Waikiki.

Kaua`i: Mount Waialeale located here on Kaua'i is the rainiest spot on earth, averaging 460 inches of rain a year, and contributing to this island's nickname; the Garden Island. Many streams flow from these mountains to the sea through canyons in the volcanic rock. Waimea canyon has colorful rock walls that are 2,857 feet high. On the northwestern coast are rugged cliffs that make it impossible to build a road around the whole island.

Ni`ihau: Niihau is a private island owned by the Robinson family of Kaua'i. It is nicknamed "The Forbidden Island." The island is a semi-arid island and the climate is dry, though several lakes provide fresh water.

 

Hawaii's landforms include eight main islands, which are the tops of a chain of submerged volcanic mountains. Two active volcanoes are Mauna Loa and Kilauea.

 

National Park

 

 

Map - Google Image Search     Save a map of the state in your home directory

Land Area: 6,422 square miles - ranked 43rd in total area

Number of counties:5

 


Economy

The Hawaiian Islands are one of the most desirable vacation destinations in the world. Each year millions of tourists come to enjoy the natural beauty of the islands. As a result, Hawaii’s economy has become greatly dependent on service industries, retail trade, and transportation.

Hawaii’s pleasant climate provides an ideal environment for a strong agriculture industry. Large company-owned plantations produce sugarcane and pineapples, two of Hawaii’s leading agricultural products. Coffee beans, papayas, and macadamia nuts are important crops, and commercial tuna fishing is a significant source of income. Food processing is Hawaii’s principal industry.

Nearly one Hawaiian worker in four is an employee of the military and military personnel and their families represent more than 10 percent of Hawaii's population. The armed forces are the largest civilian employer in the state.

 

 

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Population/Cities/State Capital

 

Population: 1,275,194 people

3 Largest Cities: Honolulu, 371,657 people
Click on city name to learn more         Hilo, 40,759 people
                                       Kailua, 36,513 people

Capital City:

Honolulu is the capital and largest city of Hawaii, on the southeast coast of the island of Oahu. The Honolulu area was bombed by Japan in a surprise attack on the unprepared U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. This action forced the United States to enter World War II. “Remember Pearl Harbor” became a famous American wartime slogan.

Hawaiian statehood in 1959 and the availability of commercial air travel to the island brought boom times to Honolulu. Tourism is the city's principal industry, followed by federal defense expenditures and agricultural exports (chiefly pineapples).

 

 

More About Hawaii

 

 

 

Famous Person

Famous Hawaiians - click here to search for a name of a famous Hawaiians

Select a name and do a Google Search on your famous Hawaiians

Google Search

 

 

Click here for more information on Hawaii

 

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