Statehood: August 21, 1959
Nickname: The Aloha State
Hawaii is the only state that is not part of the North American continent. It is also the southernmost of the states, lying about as far south as central Mexico.
Hawaii is actually a chain of 132 islands, each of which is the top of a submerged volcanic mountain, that can be divided into three land groups.
Group 1 consists of the eight main islands, the islands we usually think of when we think of Hawai'. All of the main islands, with the exception of Kahoolawe, are inhabited.
The remaining 124 islands in groups 2 and 3, only about three square miles in total land area, are not fit for human habitation.
Group 2 consists of the middle islands, tiny islands (islets) of rock.
Group 3 consists of the islands in the northwest, comprised of coral and sand.
Hawaii: Hawaii is the largest of the habitable Hawaiian islands and covers 4,038 square miles. This island was formed by five volcanoes, two of which are still active. Kohala is on the northern side of the island. Hualalai is in the west. Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa are toward the center of the island. Kilauea is located on the eastern side of Mauna Loa. Mauna Kea, at 13,796 feet above sea level, is the highest point in the state. Mauna Loa and Kilauea are still active volcanoes and erupt intermittently, sometimes spewing fiery lava streams flowing down the mountains to the sea.
The north and southeastern coast of Hawaii is protected by high cliffs with silvery waterfalls falling over the edge and into the ocean below.
Maui: Maui was formed by two volcanoes and is often called the Valley Island because of the many canyons that cut into the two mountains. A low isthmus passes between the two mountains creating a fertile area for growing sugar cane. Haleakala, the highest point on Maui, also contains the world's largest dormant volcanic crater, at least for now. Haleakala is considered active and is expected to erupt sometime within the next 200 years.
Kaho`olawe: Kaho`olawe is a small, uninhabited island next to Maui. It is dry and windswept.
Moloka`i: The island of Moloka`i can be roughly divided into three regions according to its physical features. The eastern region is covered with rugged mountains and canyons. The west is a dry plateau. The central area is a fertile plain suitable for growing various crops.
Lana`i: Is Pineapple growing country, with 98% of the land owned by the makers of Dole pineapple products.
O`ahu: O`ahu consists of two mountain ranges; the Koolau Range in the east and the Waianae Range in the west. The valley between these two mountain ranges consists of a fertile, rolling plain and support many sugar and pineapple plantations. A most notable landmark, is the 760-foot extinct volcanic crater, known as Diamond Head, located on the southeastern end of the island at the end of Waikiki.
Kaua`i: Mount Waialeale located here on Kaua'i is the rainiest spot on earth, averaging 460 inches of rain a year, and contributing to this island's nickname; the Garden Island. Many streams flow from these mountains to the sea through canyons in the volcanic rock. Waimea canyon has colorful rock walls that are 2,857 feet high. On the northwestern coast are rugged cliffs that make it impossible to build a road around the whole island.
Ni`ihau: Niihau is a private island owned by the Robinson family of Kaua'i. It is nicknamed "The Forbidden Island." The island is a semi-arid island and the climate is dry, though several lakes provide fresh water.
Hawaii's landforms include eight main islands, which are the tops of a chain of submerged volcanic mountains. Two active volcanoes are Mauna Loa and Kilauea.
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Land Area: 6,422 square miles - ranked 43rd in total area
Number of counties:5
The Hawaiian Islands are one of the most desirable vacation destinations in the world. Each year millions of tourists come to enjoy the natural beauty of the islands. As a result, Hawaii’s economy has become greatly dependent on service industries, retail trade, and transportation.
Population: 1,275,194 people
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of Hawaii, on the southeast coast of the island of Oahu. The Honolulu area was bombed by Japan in a surprise attack on the unprepared U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. This action forced the United States to enter World War II. “Remember Pearl Harbor” became a famous American wartime slogan.
Hawaiian statehood in 1959 and the availability of commercial air travel to the island brought boom times to Honolulu. Tourism is the city's principal industry, followed by federal defense expenditures and agricultural exports (chiefly pineapples).
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