State Facts

Statehood:December 14, 1819


Nickname: Yellowhammer State

Bird - Yellowhammer

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Flower - Camellia

Song - "Alabama" click here to view lyrics and hear instrumental version of song

Tree - Southern Long-leaf Pine

Motto ( a phrase to describe the purpose or goals of s group) - We Dare Defend Our Rights


Alabama is comprised of coastal plains at the Gulf of Mexico sloping into hills and broken terrain in the north. Two thirds of the state are covered by the East Gulf Coastal Plain, including swamps. Above the coastal plain is the Appalachian Piedmont, a chain of low hills formed from eroding mountains.

The highest point in Alabama is Cheaha Mountain at 2,407 feet, near Lineville.

Major rivers include the Tombigbee, the Alabama, the Tennessee and the Chattahoochee.

Russell Cave National Monument, near Bridgeport, is the site of caves that were inhabited continuously from 6000 B.C. to 1650.


National Forests


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Land Area: 50,744 square miles - ranked 30th in total area

Number of counties: 67



Alabama is now raising poultry (the state ranks third in United States broiler chicken production) and cattle, it's most valuable agricultural products. Cotton is still Alabama's main crop. Greenhouse plants, peanuts, and vegetables are also important to the state's economy.

Although about half of Alabama's area is devoted to agriculture (farming), manufacturing accounts for a larger share of the state's income. Alabama has the second most extensive forests in the United States, and make pulp and paper products . Other major industries produce chemicals, electronics, textiles, processed foods, and automobiles. Oil and gas, cement, and stone lead mineral production also take place here.

The Marshall NASA Space Flight Center, Redstone Arsenal, Maxwell Air Force Base, and Fort Rucker and Fort McClellan contribute significantly to the economy.




Population/Cities/State Capital


Population: 4,557,808 people

3 Largest Cities: Birmingham 231,483 people
Click on city name to learn more         Montgomery 200,127 people
                                       Mobile 191,544 people

Capital City:

Montgomery became the state capital in 1847 and boomed as a river port. It is an industrial city and an important market center for lumber and agricultural goods, especially livestock and dairy products. There are stockyards and meatpacking plants. Manufacturing businesses include making commercial fertilizer, furniture, air conditioning and heating units, automotive wiring, food items, textiles, and paper.


More about Alabama




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