1. Centering                         - coning up-wrap hands around clay; squeeze up into a cone

- pushing down at a 45 degree angle- left hand pushes down, right pushes at 45


- flatten top - left thumb under right hand pushes clay down

2. Center Hole                      - thumbs back to back

- find center

- go down to about a 1/2 inch from wheel


3. Establish Bottom             - using left hand / middle fingers dig a level base leaving about 1/2 inch from


4. Smooth Bottom/Lip         - using left hand / fingers apply pressure back and forth on bottom

- using both hands / fingers gently apply pressure on the lip


5. Pull Walls                        - elbows in; lock thumbs

- with left hand inside, match finger tips at base; squeeze

- lift hands and clay up and in

- massage lip


6. Shaping Pot                      - With the pulling motion, direct the clay out or in as needed.

- Fingers may “mismatch” to create a belly or neck.


7. Finishing Steps               - Same as a pull with no pressure, use a metal rib to clean slip off of outside

- Clean lip with wet paper towel, wrap with pressure

- Clean foot of vase by trimming extra clay with modeling tool at angle